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雅思寫作要注意的句式结构

新東方網整理2019-11-05 11:44

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  雅思寫作中需要注意的重要句式结构有哪些,今天一起来看看!

  原則:主謂賓是骨頭,邏輯連接詞是骨頭間的韌帶,其他修飾詞則是肌肉。

  名詞從句=名詞

  What I am proficient in is ancient Chinese literature.

  That’s where he met me.

  Those

  Those+adj/ving/ved/to v/介词,代表一类人或物

  All those eligible will receive a cash handout.

  The new law clearly benefits those earning the most money.

  Only 18 percent of those surveyed opposed the idea.

  I'm going to sort these old books into those to be kept and those to be thrown away.

  Have some consideration for those without a job.

  Those+从句who(人)/which(物)/whose(表归属)/in which(表位置),Those相当于一个名词

  Only those who had booked in advance were allowed in.

  We must try to find out those which may be attacked most easily.

  This disease is more likely to strike those whose immune systems are already below par.

  The poems which he wrote in the countryside are generally agreed to be those in which he found his true voice.

  He who can be a best servant can be a best leader.

  在句子中,任何名词随时都可以用 ved/ving/介词/形容词来修饰,可以使得单句也有复杂结构,却比定语从句简单

  疑問詞+to+v

  I am considering how to manage this assignment But who is to judge what is virtue and what is vice?

  动词分词做定语(ving, ved),可以替代定语从句

  His work as a consultant consisted in advising foreign companies on the siting of new factories.

  句子,especially+名词或者从句. 这样可以对句子进行更加精确的描述。

  Members of a competitive team can always keep them motivated, especially when confronted with tough situation and fierce competition.

  …, if any. (表示如果有…的话)

  State your hypothesis or theory, if any.

  What, if anything, should the law do about it?

  Rather, 单独出现表示“更准确的说”

  Rather, parents should employ a variety of methods to discipline their children.

  用插入语. 补充信息,增强节奏感:两种形式:逗号或者横线隔开

  But in a market society, the economists observed, prices are set by demand and supply.

  They are no more “special” or “fair” than other prices that market conditions—including

  those promoted by a hurricane—may bring about. 补充信息。

  Higher prices have the advantages, economists argued, of limiting the use of such things by consumers. 转述说的话时,“某某说”可以做插入语。

  Jeff, a pro-market commentator writing the book Boston Globe, argued against this law on similar grounds. 对身份的补充。

  Many people, including those who support this law, find the virtue argument discomfiting. 包含的对象的具体说明。

  All they ever see is the play of shadows on the wall, a reflection of objects they can never apprehend. 同位语,用以解释或者补充前面的名词

  To do sth 作主语

  To punish a very young child is both wrong and foolish.

  By doing sth, … 表示做事的方式途径

  By providing incentives for suppliers to produce more of the needed goods, it do more good than harm.

  副詞開頭,句子。節奏感強

  Not surprisingly, the opponents of this law invoke these two similar arguments for free markets.

  Doing/To do A is not doing/to do B. 做A并不是做B. 表示从反面对A的补充

  To acknowledge the moral forces of virtue argument is not to insist it must always prevail over competing considerations.

  特殊的定語從句,介詞+which定語從句與介詞的妙用,這需要動詞與介詞本身就是固定搭配

  It is about cultivating the attitudes and the qualities of characters, on which a good society depends.

  Cannot …without…没有……就不能……

  Aristotle maintains that we cannot figure out what a just consideration is without first reflecting of the most desirable way of life.

  主語倒裝句

  At the heart of the disagreement are rival conceptions of moral character.

  Underlying the phenomenon was a profound reason.

  Sth is not (that)…but (that)…,

  成分要一致,是……而不是……

  The public’s objection to the bonuses is not that they reward greed but that they reward failure.

  The answer is that moral reflection is not a solitary pursuit but a public endeavor.

  构词形式:A-被动: 被A……的

  A market-driven society

  A knowledge-based economy

  副詞+形容詞

  Financially better-off

  Do 用于动词前表示强调

  He did want them to take responsibility for their failure.

  反問,表示強烈語氣

  Couldn’t it be argued that难道不能认为……

  How can it be…… 怎么可能……

  What would sth be if…如果…sth 会怎样?

  With+ved/ving/to do/sth,

  动词分词前置或者后置:ved, 句子,ving…

  Awarded the Noble Prize, Yoyouyou become known by public, making her the most influential figure of this year.

  Confronted with this situation, we…..

  Socrates suggests that, having glimpsed the sun, only the philosopher is fit to rule the cave dwellers, if he can somehow be coaxes into the darkness where they live.

  用虛擬語氣(動詞用過去式),表示未發生或者假想發生的事兒

  Let us not forget either that…咱们也不要忘记。。。

  Let us forget either that traditional products, whether these be medicines or food, provide employment for local people.

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(編輯:JIE)

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